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The Pug breed information is below. We are in the process of adding more dog breed information when it becomes available to us. For a complete dog breed list please visit our directory of breed of dogs.
Pug Information
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PUG APPEARANCE:
The Pug's appearance is characterized by a flat, wrinkled face, compact body, and curled tail. Pugs have four color variations: fawn with a black mask and ears, entirely black, silver, or apricot. The silver or apricot-fawn colors should be decided so as to make the contrast complete between the color and the trace and the mask. The breed generally stands between 10 and 11 inches (25–28 cm) tall at the withers with an ideal weight range of 14 to 18 lb (6.3 to 8.1 kg).

PUG HISTORY:
Most agree that the Pug originated in China, dating back to around 700 BC. It was bred to be a companion dog, not a guardian. Pugs were bred by the royalty and were pampered and spoiled. They have not lost this characteristic. Sometimes, as a mark of great esteem, they were given to members of the court.

Some interesting anecdotal history (not officially verified but worth mentioning) includes an ancient Chinese law whereby only the Emperor was allowed to own a Pug. He could give one to his own selected friends, but otherwise it was punishable by death to have a Pug.

When the Dutch started trading with China, the sailors smuggled some Pugs home to Europe where, being small dogs and natural companions, they quickly became popular. Again, they attached themselves to the nobility.

Legend has it that, when William The Silent invaded England, he took his Pug with him. One night, as the Prince lay sleeping, assassins crept up on his tent. His Pug heard them and jumped up barking, thereby saving his master.

PUG HEALTH:
Because they have extremely short snouts, some Pugs easily scratch their corneas, and can develop breathing problems. They are also prone to skin infections if the crevices in their faces are not kept clean. Tooth and mouth problems are also caused by the flat faces. Pugs are prone to obesity, and can reach unhealthy weights. It is therefore important to make sure pugs get regular exercise. Pugs do mind temperature extremes, so it is important to make sure that they do not overheat. Pugs should not be left outside in very cold weather.

Pugs can also suffer from a chronic form of Granulomatous Meningoencephalitis (an inflammation of the brain) specific to the breed called Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE). PDE is estimated to occur in 1% of Pugs. There is no known cause or cure for PDE, although it is believed to be an inherited disease. PDE is invariably fatal. All dogs either die or are put to sleep within a few months after the onset of clinical signs.

PUG TEMPERAMENT:
The Pug is a very sociable dog, as well as being quite stubborn. It even has its own motto: Multum in parvo (a lot of dog in a little space). The Pug is popular as a housepet as it is easy to groom, although it sheds substantially more than other dogs of similar size. Pugs are true "lap dogs". They require regular exercise. Some pugs will walk for an hour or more. It is important, however, to make sure they do not overheat. They are also compatible with most children and other animals. They can have problems with small children, as the children may poke the Pug's eyes.

They are not noted for high achievement in obedience competitions, although, like all dog breeds, they are intelligent and learn quickly in the right environment. According to the book The Intelligence of Dogs, they are only fair in their ability to learn new commands and to obey commands the first time; however, there is much debate about how to accurately measure dog intelligence.

Also see Pug Dogs For Sale and Pug Dog Breeders
Part of this Pug profile is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It may contain material from a Wikipedia article.
 
     
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